hydrazine [ idrazin ] n. f.
• 1890; de hydr(o)- et az(ote)
Chim. Base liquide corrosive (H2N—NH2) formée d'hydrogène et d'azote, utilisée comme combustible dans les fusées.

hydrazine nom féminin Combinaison H2N―NH2 de l'azote et de l'hydrogène. Composé organique résultant de la substitution d'un radical hydrocarboné à l'un ou à plusieurs des atomes d'hydrogène de ce corps.

hydrazine [idʀazin] n. f.
ÉTYM. 1890; de hydr- (2.), az- (de azote), et suff. -ine.
Chim. Composé basique, gaz formé d'hydrogène et d'azote (H2N–NH2). || L'hydrazine s'obtient en oxydant l'ammoniac par l'hypochlorite de sodium. || Utilisation de l'hydrazine comme combustible dans les fusées V2 et dans certains engins spatiaux.
DÉR. V. Azine.
COMP. Hydrazide, phénylhydrazine.

Encyclopédie Universelle. 2012.

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